• Danny Jiustian Departement of Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Pradita University, Tangerang, Indonesia
  • Alfa Yohannis Department of Computer Science, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Keywords: Blockchain, Contactless Payment, Ethereum, Internet of Things, RFID, Smart Contract


The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a change in payment methods, with a shift towards cashless payments to avoid germs and viruses. Contactless payments, especially those using RFID technology, have become popular due to their convenience and no need to enter security codes. However, there is a risk of data manipulation in transaction records, leading to decreased trust and transparency. To solve this problem, this research develops an RFID contactless payment system connected with blockchain technology as the main goal of the research. Blockchain is known for its security and transparency, making it suitable for minimizing data manipulation that often occurs. This research will use the Sepolia Test Network of the Ethereum base network for development in terms of blockchain to serve as a security layer in this research. The Waterfall method will be used for application development, focusing on structured and linear stages such as requirements analysis, system design, implementation, testing, and maintenance. The application development process has shown positive results, with successful black box testing and the ability to track and validate transactions stored in the database and blockchain. This validation process is critical to ensure the integrity of transactions and detect any data manipulation.


Download data is not yet available.


M. Syarif and W. Nugraha, “Pemodelan Diagram UML Sistem Pembayaran Tunai Pada Transaksi E-commerce,” JTIK (Jurnal Teknik Informatika Kaputama), vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 64–70, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.59697/jtik.v4i1.636.

F. Hao, R. T. R. Qiu, J. Park, and K. Chon, “The Myth of Contactless Hospitality Service: Customers’ Willingness to Pay,” Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, vol. 47, no. 8, 2023, doi: 10.1177/10963480221081781.

MOHD. Y. DM1, M. Agustantia, and S. Zulaiha, “Tindak Pidana Kejahatan Pemalsuan data (Data Forgery) dalam Bentuk Kejahatan Siber (Cyber Crime),” Jurnal Pendidikan dan Konseling, p. h.6638, 2022.

T. W. E. Suryawijaya, “Memperkuat Keamanan Data melalui Teknologi Blockchain: Mengeksplorasi Implementasi Sukses dalam Transformasi Digital di Indonesia,” Jurnal Studi Kebijakan Publik, vol. 2, no. 1, 2023, doi: 10.21787/jskp.2.2023.55-68.

Z. Wu, K. Qiu, and J. Zhang, “A smart microcontroller architecture for the internet of things,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 20, no. 7, 2020, doi: 10.3390/s20071821.

Z. Nurbekova, T. Tolganbaiuly, B. Nurbekov, A. Sagimbayeva, and Z. Kazhiakparova, “Project-based learning technology: An example in programming microcontrollers,” International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, vol. 15, no. 11, 2020, doi: 10.3991/IJET.V15I11.13267.

W. C. Tan and M. S. Sidhu, “Review of RFID and IoT integration in supply chain management,” Operations Research Perspectives, vol. 9, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.orp.2022.100229.

A. Kurnianto, J. Dedy Irawan, and F. Xaverius Ariwibisono, “Penerapan IoT (Internet of Things) Untuk Controlling Lampu Menggunakan Protokol MQTT Berbasis Web,” JATI (Jurnal Mahasiswa Teknik Informatika), vol. 6, no. 2, 2023, doi: 10.36040/jati.v6i2.5393.

V. Buterin, “A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform,” Etherum, no. January, 2014.

L. Dimnik, Smart contract based decentralized voting system., 2023. [Online]. Available:

W. Zou et al., “Smart Contract Development: Challenges and Opportunities,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 47, no. 10, 2021, doi: 10.1109/TSE.2019.2942301.

B. Erden, “Automated Unit Testing of Solidity Smart Contracts in an Educational Context,”, [Online]. Available:’s%20Thesis.pdf

R. Maulana and I. H. Ikasari, “Literature Review: Implementasi Perancangan Sistem Informasi Perpustakaan Sekolah Berbasis Web dengan Pendekatan Metode Waterfall,” JRIIN: Jurnal Riset Informatika dan Inovasi, vol. 01, no. 01, 2023.

A. A. Wahid, “Analisis Metode Waterfall Untuk Pengembangan Sistem Informasi,” Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Informatika dan Manajemen STMIK, no. November, 2020.

O. Loyola-Gonzalez, “Black-box vs. White-Box: Understanding their advantages and weaknesses from a practical point of view,” IEEE Access, vol. 7. 2019. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2949286.

Gunawan Wibisono, Vivi Kumalasari Subroto, and Danang Danang, “Analisa dan Perancangan Sistem Aplikasi Pembayaran Administrasi Menggunakan RFID Berbasis Client Server,” Kompak :Jurnal Ilmiah Komputerisasi Akuntansi, vol. 13, no. 1, 2020, doi: 10.51903/kompak.v13i1.201.

M. Yusup, “Teknologi Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Sebagai Tools System Pembuka Pintu Outomatis pada Smart House,” Jurnal Media Infotama, vol. 18, no. 2, 2022.

L. Ismanto, H. S. Ar, A. N. Fajar, Sfenrianto, and S. Bachtiar, “Blockchain as E-Commerce Platform in Indonesia,” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1179/1/012114.

T. Huynh-The et al., “Blockchain for the metaverse: A Review,” Future Generation Computer Systems, vol. 143, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.future.2023.02.008.

D. N. K. Raja et al., “Medtrust - A Decentralized Model for Medical Crowdfunding Based on Smart Contract Using Etherium,” Int J Res Appl Sci Eng Technol, vol. 11, no. 6, 2023, doi: 10.22214/ijraset.2023.53967.

M. H. Jeong and S. K. Kim, “Video Streaming Based on Blockchain State Channel with IoT Camera,” Journal of Web Engineering, vol. 21, no. 3, 2022, doi: 10.13052/jwe1540-9589.2134.

A. Makris, K. Tserpes, G. Spiliopoulos, D. Zissis, and D. Anagnostopoulos, “MongoDB Vs PostgreSQL: A comparative study on performance aspects,” Geoinformatica, vol. 25, no. 2, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s10707-020-00407-w.

A. Rimal, Developing a web application on NodeJS and MongoDB using ES6 and beyond., 2019. [Online]. Available:

A. P. Pratama and M. Kamisutara, “Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Akademik Berbasis Mobile Menggunakan Flutter Di Universitas Narotama Surabaya,” Network Engineering Research Operation, vol. 6, no. 2, 2021, doi: 10.21107/nero.v6i2.238.

S. Faust, “Using Googles Flutter Framework for the Development of a Large-Scale Reference Application,” Tribal, 2020.

H. Herfandi, Y. Yuliadi, M. T. A. Zaen, F. Hamdani, and A. M. Safira, “Penerapan Metode Design Thinking Dalam Pengembangan UI dan UX,” Building of Informatics, Technology and Science (BITS), vol. 4, no. 1, 2022, doi: 10.47065/bits.v4i1.1716.

S. Nurbaiti Oktaviani, C. Fikri Aziz, and B. Maula Sulthon, “Analisa UI/UX Sistem Informasi Penjualan Berbasis Mobile Menggunakan Metode Prototype,” KLIK: Kajian Ilmiah Informatika dan Komputer, vol. 2, no. 6, 2022, doi: 10.30865/klik.v2i6.401.

D. Jiustian, “System-Server-RFID-Blockchain,” GitHub. Accessed: Mar. 30, 2024. [Online]. Available:

D. Jiustian, “System-Mobile-App-RFID-Blockchain,” GitHub. Accessed: Mar. 30, 2024. [Online]. Available:

D. Jiustian, “System-Hardware-RFID-Blockchain,” GitHub. Accessed: Mar. 30, 2024. [Online]. Available:

How to Cite